The Convention of the United Nations has guaranteed the rights of children to live normal life and to
study. However, there are still millions of children in the world who are suffering. Based on the human
rights notion, any child should not be discriminated because of their physical, mental, social, economic
and legal conditions. Children of various kinds e.g. orphans, handicapped, mentally retarded children,
street children, abandoned children, children from poor and broken families, physically/sexually abused
children, young offender, children with no custodians, children at risks of abuse and neglects, children
from ethnic minority are socialized in shelters or special schools. These children and adolescents need
adequate care and protection from others. Most of these places lack physical facilities, qualified staff
and/or adequate educational materials. Your even one hour’s time can make a big difference to them.
The word child care is very broad therefore before taking decision to do this type of work, you should
understand what it means. It includes the following:
- provide protective shelter to the children
- Fact finding i.e. physical damage, health, economic & social conditions, family histories, incidence
of abuse, legal provision etc.
- child protection i.e. temporary separation of children from their families, legal proceeding,
- providing financial supports and necessary items to both children and the family
- counseling mostly concerned problem-solving and social skills of the children
- help mental/intellectual development by teaching and other activities
- help develop physical health through sports, exercises, and nourishment
- help develop personal skills through training e.g. cooking, sewing, dancing, singing, drawing,
gardening, teaching handicraft making
- help socialize with other children, relatives, neighbors and the communities, facilitate re-
integration i.e. help return to the normal life to live with family and the society
- help re-integration of the children with the community
- monitor the re-integrated children in community until the case is closed
In summary, our program is targeting to deal with children (0-18 years of age) who are vulnerable of
abuse and neglect, orphans, abandoned children, street children, and mentally and physically
handicapped. Volunteers can help these children with activities related to day-care, physical development
and various therapeutic activities i.e. arts, crafts, etc. These activities are supervised and carefully
assigned by staff in the placements.
Child Care program in Thailand
In Thailand, there are 4 types of child care shelters to admit children with various type of cases based on
their age and conditions;
- Baby homes (0-5 years of age) are to admit newly-born and younger children abandoned in
hospitals and other vulnerable places.
- Emergency homes (5-18 years of age) are to provide primary protection and welfare to children
before transferring them to other appropriate places.
- Child protection centers (7-18 years of age) are to admit transferred children from baby and
emergency homes or other child service agencies. Some children in these centers are victims that
involve legal process.
- Children homes (5-18 years of age) are similar to the protection centers and admit children
transferred from various child service agencies throughout the country. However, the condition of
children might not be severe. One crucial task of the home is to re-integrate children with the
family and community. Children are trained how to survive in the community. They walk to Suksa
Songkroh or Ratprajanukroh schools (see details in special education chapter) located nearby.
Vocational training units are often established inside to ensure the future employment of the
children after they reach 20 years of age.
- Preparation centers: These centers are for physical and mental handicapped children. These
centers have few children (4-10). They are admitted there to make ready to go to special schools..
- Special Schools/Centers: Some of the children studying in these schools are from local
communities and ordinary families. Some of the children admitted to and living in child care
shelters and emergency homes are transferred to these schools. Followings are the category and
brief description of this type of placements.
- Suksa Songkroh or Ratprajanukroh Schools – This means “Royal Education Welfare”.
There are 39 schools throughout the country, e.g Petchburi, Chainat, Petchabun, Nongkhai
and Khon Kaen Provinces. Children who have normal mental and physical conditions are
sent to study in these schools. They continue their education starting from Kindergarten to
high school levels. Some schools also arrange or provide for children to re-integrate with
the local communities. These children live in the children home and study with the
children of local communities.
- Suksapisesh or Sothasuksa Schools – There are 17 schools in Thailand including in
Prachinburi, Udonthani, Nonthaburi, Nokhonpathom, Prachuabkhirikhan, Khon Kaen and
Petchabun provinces. In these schools, children with weak hearing ability (i.e. absolutely or
partially deaf) study here. Almost all the students in these schools live on-campus. These
schools accept volunteers who have special communication skills (sign/body languages).
- Special Schools for Mentally Retarded Children – There are 21 schools in Thailand
including Suphanburi, Prachinburi, Petchburi, Lopburi, Nakhon Ratchasima and Nakhon
Sawn provinces. All the children live on-campus in dormitories. Volunteers with nursing
background, physiotherapy, sports, music, arts, would be helpful.
- Schools for the blind – There are about 10 schools in Thailand e.g. Khon Kaen, Lopburi,
Lampang, Bangkok etc. Most of the children live on campus. Volunteers who have Braille
script skill would be helpful. Volunteers for teaching English, music, games, etc. can be
- Schools for physically handicapped Children - There are 4-5 schools for the children
normally without one or two legs/arms e.g. in Khon Kaen.
- Schools for young offenders – Accused children who are under legal proceedings live and
study in these schools which are under the ministry of justice and located nearby the
accommodation or shelters. English, arts and craft shall be organized to release stress
and distress complex of the children.
Child care shelters have specialists to accomplish these broader objectives of child development.
Although, our volunteers are not experts, they can be involved in some activities with those specialists to
help and learn as well. In order to work there we will need to apply in advance and approved by the
concerned authority. It is essential to send us a scanned copy of your photograph (2 x 4”) and the
passport before you arrive in Thailand. Please specify in your application about your interest and
experiences so we can choose the appropriate group of children and the place for you and we will send
you the detail of the placements, works and others.
Example of typical program:
1. Phayathai Babies Home:
It is located in Pak Kret, Nonthaburi Province, northern Bangkok and is a home for 400 children including
60 affected by HIV. Other children are:
- abandoned babies in hospital or public places
- children affected with HIV
- orphans/babies of poverty stricken families or broken homes
- children living under unsuitable conditions or homeless
- children being deprived of suitable care
You can do the following activities:
- help therapeutic activities i.e. physio-therapy, arts, craft (9:00-11:00 am)
- help other works (11:30 am - 14:00 pm) as children will sleep
- help outdoor activities (15:00 pm - 16:00 pm) e.g. gardening, sports, etc.
Age of the children: 0-5 yrs of age
Working Hours: 9 am to 4 pm Monday to Friday.